A critical mass of Energy and Climate Models

The consortium brings together a wide range of complementary models and methodologies that encompass a variety of spatial and temporal resolutions, sectoral coverage and details in terms of technologies, representation of policy measures and consumer behaviour.

By bringing together these modelling teams in the ECEMF this high-value experience becomes available for the activities of the forum, whose aim is to expand beyond just the initial group of models represented in the consortium itself.

Of special importance is the participation of the PRIMES and GEME3 models, which have provided model-based results for a large number of climate policy impact assessments for the EU commission (in particular the recent EU Green Deal and the “Clean Planet for all” long-term strategy, the Clean Package in 2016, and the Energy Roadmap 2050).

Advanced Computable General Equilibrium model

PartnerModel NameSectoral CoverageGeographical Coverage
E3MGEM-E3Whole economy split into 65 production sectors (transport, buildings, industry, energy supply & conversion)Global (47 regions/ EU-28 Member States + G-20 economies)

Carbon cycle climate model for the climate assessment of emission scenarios

UoMMAGICCEmissions, radiative forcings, global-mean temperaturesGlobal, hemispheric

Energy system optimisation models

KTHOSEMBEEnergy supply & conversionEU + Switzerland & Norway (30 regions)
IOS-PIBMEESAEnergy supply & conversionEU + Switzerland & Norway + UK (27 regions)
E3MPRIMES + Sectoral ModulesTransport, buildings, industry, energy supply & conversionEU-28 Member States + neighbouring countries (35 countries in total)
ETHZEuro-CalliopeTransport, buildings, industry, energy supply & conversionEU + Switzerland & Norway + Balkans + neighbouring regions (102 sub-regions)
TNOTIAM-ECNTransport, buildings, industry, energy supply & conversionGlobal (36 regions)
E3MPROMETHEUSTransport, buildings, industry, energy supply & conversionGlobal (10 regions)
TU WienBalmorelElectricity, centralised heating & coolingEU-28 Member States (+selected neighbouring countries)

Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs)

PIKREMIND-EUTransport, buildings, industry, energy supply & conversion and land-useGlobal (21 regions, including 9 regions within the EU)
PBLIMAGE / TIMERTransport, buildings, industry, energy supply & conversion and land-useGlobal (26 regions)
IIASAMESSAGEix-GLOBIOMTransport, buildings, industry, energy supply & conversion and land-useGlobal (11/14 regions)
CMCCWITCHtransport, energy supply & conversionGlobal (17 regions)

Optimal Dispatch and Expansion

Fraunhofer ISIENERTILEPower sector, inter-connectors, sector coupling (heat, CHP), storageEU-28 Member States + MENA region (42 countries in total); 10x10km resolution
ComillasTEPESTransmission Expansion Planning (considering all relevant power system considerations)EU-28 Member States (+selected neighbouring countries)
ArtelysMETISEnergy demand, transmission, conversion, supply/generation, importsEU-27 Member States (+7 neighbouring countries)

Techno-socio-economic bottom-up models

TU WienGreen-XElectricity, heating & cooling,
transport (supply side), renewable energy focus
EU-28 Member States (+selected neighbouring countries)
TU WienInvert/EE-LabBuildings (including specific aspects of district heating)EU-28 Member States (+selected neighbouring countries)
Fraunhofer ISIFORECAST Buildings, Appliances, IndustryBuildings (residential, nonresidential), Appliances (residential, non-residential), IndustryEU-28 Member States
Transport, buildings, industryGlobal (21 regions, including 9
regions within the EU)